What Is Cupping, and What Can It Do for You (Part Two)


Cupping Therapy 101

VIDEO: Bruises explained: Michael Phelps receives cupping therapy

Myofascial decompression therapy is the name given to the cupping treatment among athletic trainers. In the video above, you can see Phelps getting the cups placed along his back using a hand-held air pump that extracts the air from the cup once it's placed on the skin.

TCM practitioners will typically use glass cups. Oil is first applied to the skin to prevent excessive friction and pain as the flesh is sucked into the cup. When using glass cups, the vacuum is created by lighting a cotton ball soaked in rubbing alcohol and holding it inside the cup.

The fire burns out the oxygen inside the cup, so when the flame is removed and the cup placed on the skin, the resulting vacuum creates suction. If the suction is too strong, you can ease it by gently pressing a finger near the rim of the cup, letting in a little bit of air.

The cups can be left in place or slowly moved around, the latter of which is referred to as cupping massage; the effect being similar to that of a deep tissue massage. Cups are typically left on for three to five minutes. The resulting welts will typically vanish in a couple of days, much like a regular bruise.

Cupping May Influence Your Innate Immune Response

Leonid Kalichman, Ph.D., a senior lecturer at Ben-Gurion University of the Negev in Israel, has written more than 150 papers on physiotherapy and rheumatology. He believes that by causing localized inflammation, cupping helps trigger cytokine production that modulate your immune system response.11

In a recent review paper on cupping research, published in the Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies, Kalichman and his co-author Efgeni Rozenfeld note that:12

"Mechanically, cupping increases blood circulation, whereas physiologically it activates the immune system and stimulates the mechanosensitive fibers, thus leading to a reduction in pain.

There is initial scientific evidence that dry cupping is able to reduce musculoskeletal pain. Since cupping is an inexpensive, noninvasive and low-risk (if performed by a trained practitioner) therapeutic modality, we believe that it should be included in the arsenal of musculoskeletal medicine."

Anecdotal Reports

While more research may help explain the exact mechanisms behind cupping's healing power, many patients are satisfied knowing it works for them — regardless of the how or why. As noted by Jessica MacLean, acting director of the International Cupping Therapy Association:13

"When people get the treatment and they recover really fast, they don't care about the scientific evidence — they just care that it works."

The following anecdotal success story was reported by Desert News Utah:14

"It works for 33-year-old Maria, who was at Master Lu's … for acupuncture and cupping therapy for several herniated discs in her lower back. She said she's tried many options, but the pain gets so bad at times, she can't move. 'As soon as I had it done, it was immediate relief,' she said. 'I never went back to anything else.'

Maria … injured her back lifting and moving a lot of boxes. She said that in addition to immediate and long-lasting pain relief, the acupuncture and cupping procedure is 'relaxing' to go through. She will have about three appointments within the week and then not need to return until pain flares up again from overuse, Lu said."

Are You Ready to Try Cupping?

Cupping is easy to do and vacuum sets can be purchased online for as little as $30. However, I would strongly recommend going to a trained TCM practitioner. Licensed doctors of TCM have a minimum of 3,000 hours of training and know how to perform cupping safely and effectively.

Care to avoid excessive suction must be taken when treating certain areas of the body. While your back and thighs can safely handle heavy suction, it could be risky to cup certain areas of your neck, for example, unless you know what you're doing.

Cupping is also not done on your head or face, so if you have a headache, you would typically treat your neck, shoulder and/or back muscles; the cups would NOT be placed on the temples or forehead. Cupping is also contraindicated for certain serious health conditions.

So, could cupping work for you? You'll simply have to try it before writing it off. Studies and anecdotal evidence suggest cupping can be a helpful adjunct to other therapies for pain. In some cases it may even work as a stand-alone treatment, although this is not the norm. The good news is, if it works, you'll notice a difference. And if it doesn't, no harm will come to you.

The procedure itself is typically painless (provided excessive suction is not used), and the bruises — which indicate that stagnant blood has been drawn from the tissue to the surface — will typically disappear within days. If blood stagnation is not an issue, you will not experience any bruising at all.

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Ayurveda Manual Therapies does cupping. Please call the office today for your cupping appointment!

Jessica Jensen           (863) 513-0203

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References and Sources:

Mercola, J. (2016). “What Is Cupping, and What Can It Do for You?.” Mercola.com. Joseph Mercola, published 26 August 2016. Accessed 25 September 2016.



Image Credit: National Institutes of Health (NIH). National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health, “In The News: Cupping.” <https://nccih.nih.gov/news/cupping>. Published 19 August 2016. Accessed 25 September 2016.

11. New York Times August 8, 2016

12. Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies January 2016; 20(1): 173-178

13. Reuters August 9, 2016

14. Desert News Utah August 13, 2016

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Jessica Jensen LMT CST

Craniosacral Therapist

Lic. # MA66262     Est. Lic. # MM34316

(863) 513-0203

231 Kentucky Ave. Suite 220

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