Leaky Gut Syndrome
Reprinted from AIA Newsletter No. 18 (Summer 1997)
The purpose of the gastro-intestinal tract, or gut, is multi-fold. Basically, it:
i) Digests foods.
ii) Absorbs small food particles to be converted into energy.
iii) Carries nutrients like vitamins and minerals attached to carrier proteins across the gut lining into the bloodstream.
iv) Contains a major part of the chemical detoxification system of the body.
v) Contains immunoglobulins or antibodies that act as the first line of defence against infection.
The leaky gut (or LGS) is a poorly recognised but extremely common problem. It is rarely tested for. Essentially, it represents a hyperpermeable intestinal lining. In other words, large spaces develop between the cells of the gut wall and bacteria, toxins, and food leak in.
The official definition is an increase in permeability of the intestinal mucosa to luminal macromolecules, antigens, and toxins associated with inflammatory degenerative and/or atrophic mucosal damage. If the gut is not healthy, neither is the rest of the body. It is the point of fuel and nutrient entry. If healing is at a standstill, look at the gut to see if this is the block. Chemical sensitivity, fibromyalgia, and escalating food allergies are among the many problems caused by the leaky gut. If gas, bloating, abdominal pain, indigestion, alternating constipation, and diarrhoea are symptoms, irritable bowel syndrome may not be all that's going on.
The barrier posed by the intestinal mucosa is, even in normal subjects, an incomplete one. Small quantities of molecules of different sizes and characteristics cross the intact epithelium by both active and passive mechanisms. The route by which such transfer occurs is, at least in part, dependent on molecular size. Molecules up to about 5000 Daltons in size cross the epithelial membrane of the microvilli. Larger molecules may utilise an intercellular pathway or depend on being taken up by endocytosis, entering the cell at the base of the microvilli.
Once the gut lining becomes inflamed or damaged, it disrupts the functioning of the system. The spaces open up and allow large food antigens, for example, to be absorbed into the body. Normally the body sees only tiny food antigens. When it sees these new, larger ones, they are foreign to the body's defence system. So the attack results in the production of antibodies against once harmless, innocuous foods.
It might sound good that the gut can become leaky, because it would seem that the body would be better able to absorb more amino acids, essential fatty acids, minerals and vitamins. For the body to absorb a mineral it does not just slowly diffuse across the gut membrane, it must be attached to a carrier protein. This protein hooks onto the mineral and actually carries it across the gut wall into the bloodstream. However, when the intestinal lining is damaged through inflammation these carrier proteins get damaged as well, so now the victim is vulnerable to developing mineral and vitamin deficiencies.
1. When the gut is inflamed, it does not absorb nutrients and foods properly and so fatigue and bloating can occur.
2. As mentioned previously, when large food particles are absorbed there is the creation of food allergies and new symptoms with target organs, such as arthritis or fibromyalgia.
3. When the gut is inflamed the carrier proteins are damaged so nutrient deficiencies occur which can also cause any symptom, like magnesium deficiency induced muscle spasm or copper deficiency induced high cholesterol.
4. Likewise when the detox pathways that line the gut are compromised, chemical sensitivity can arise. Furthermore the leakage of toxins overburdens the liver so that the body is less able to handle everyday chemicals.
5. When the gut lining is inflamed the protective coating of lgA (immunoglobulin A) is adversely affected and the body is not able to ward off protozoa, bacteria, viruses and yeast’s like candida.
6. When the intestinal lining is inflamed, bacteria and yeast’s are able to translocate. This means that they are able to pass from the gut lumen or cavity, into the bloodstream and set up infection anywhere else in the body.
7. The worst symptom is the formation of antibodies. Sometimes these leak across and look similar to antigens on our own tissues. Consequently, when an antibody is made to attack it, it also attacks our tissue. This is probably how autoimmune diseases start.
What to do for leaky gut?
You must have a healthy diet. Email me at Jessica@ayurvedamt.com and I will send you “The Green Sheet”, which will get you on track to kill off the over-growth of Candida in the system. This doc is an Excel sheet format and is a suggestion by Dr. Mauer from Schaumburg IL.
What I needed to take was a good probiotic. “Garden of Life” has a good one called “Ultra Primal Defense.” I have found that I need to take, to begin with, 3-3x a day. I did this for a month, and then dropped to the dosage on the package. This helped build up the friendly bacteria in my digestive system. To improve the lining in the digestive system, it was suggested that I take bromelain, or papaya enzymes with each meal. I have also used aloe juice, and this helped me greatly.*
Young Living Essential Oils suggests:
ComforTone® (capsules) is an effective combination of herbs and essential oils that support the health of the digestive system by eliminating residues from the colon and enhancing its natural ability to function optimally. Because it supports normal peristalsis (the wave-like contractions that move food through the intestines), ComforTone is ideal for strengthening the system that delivers nutrients to the rest of the body. It also contains ingredients that are beneficial to liver, gall bladder, and stomach health.*
Polyzyme™ is a powerful vegetarian complex of protein-digesting enzymes that enhances absorption of nutrients and facilitates the breakdown of proteins into amino acids, the building blocks of every cell and organ. In addition to proteins, Polyzyme contains enzymes that support more complete digestion of high-fat foods such as nuts.*
Essentialzyme™ is an advanced multi-enzyme complex that promotes digestion and assists in the assimilation of nutrients. Essentialzyme contains enzymes that support healthy pancreatic function.*
Lipozyme™ ingredients form a powerful, fat-digesting complex that aids digestion and enhances absorption of nutrients. In today's world, we often bombard our bodies with greater amounts of dietary fats than our bodies can comfortably handle. Lipozyme provides an effective means of promoting proper digestion so that nutrients can be utilized.*
JuvaPower® is a high antioxidant vegetable powder complex and is one of the richest sources of acid-binding foods. JuvaPower is rich in liver-supporting nutrients and has intestinal cleansing benefits.*
To order these products, visit my website at ayurvedamt.com. Click on ‘resources’ to go to the page with the Young Living Essential Oils link.
Please call me with any questions.
Disclaimer: The information contained in this book is for educational purposes only.
It is not provided to diagnose, prescribe, or treat any condition of the body.
The information in this book should not be used as a substitute for medical counseling with a health professional. Neither the author nor publisher accepts responsibility for such use.
*Disclaimer: These statements have not been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration. This product is not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease.